SKU:RB-02S113 九轴姿态检测传感器

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目录

产品概述

九轴姿态检测传感器基于MPU-9150开发而成,MPU-9150是世界上第一款集成了三轴陀螺仪、三轴加速度计及三轴磁力计的芯片。MPU-9150主要应用于低功耗、低价格和高性能消费电子产品,包含智能手机、平板电脑和可穿戴设备中。MPU-9150包含三个16位ADC用于陀螺仪信号进行数字化输出、三个16位ADC用于加速度计信号数字化输出及三个13位ADC用于磁力计信号数字化输出。九轴姿态检测传感器可广泛应用于航模无人机,机器人,天线云台,聚光太阳能,地面及水下设备,虚拟现实,人体运动分析等需要低成本、高动态三维姿态测量的产品设备中。

规格参数

  • 工作电压:5V
  • 接口类型:IIC通讯接口
  • 输出信号:数字信号
  • 工作温度:-5℃到75℃
  • 接口类型:KF2510-4P防插反接口
  • 通信接口:IIC 通信
  • 三轴陀螺仪量程可由用户设定,包含±250, ±500, ±1000, and ±2000°/sec
  • 三轴加速度量程可由用户设定,包含±2g, ±4g, ±8g and ±16g
  • 产品尺寸:30mm x 25mm
  • 固定孔尺寸:23mm x 18mm
  • 重量大小:3g
  • 工作电流:20mA
  • 安装:4 * M3 定位孔
  • 产品尺寸:
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  • 引脚定义:

(1)-:电源地
(2)+:电源正极
(3)SDA:IIC数据信号
(4)SCL:IIC时钟信号

使用方法

  • 硬件环境:

(1)Starduino UNO R3 控制器
(2)4P 传感器连接线
(3)9轴姿态传感器

  • 软件环境:Arduino IDE 1.8.1
  • 硬件连接
02S11303.png
  • 例子程序:
#include "Wire.h"
// I2Cdev and MPU9250 must be installed as libraries, or else the .cpp/.h files
// for both classes must be in the include path of your project
#include "I2Cdev.h"
#include "MPU9250.h"

// class default I2C address is 0x68
// specific I2C addresses may be passed as a parameter here
// AD0 low = 0x68 (default for InvenSense evaluation board)
// AD0 high = 0x69
MPU9250 accelgyro;
I2Cdev   I2C_M;

uint8_t buffer_m[6];

int16_t ax, ay, az;
int16_t gx, gy, gz;
int16_t   mx, my, mz;



float heading;
float tiltheading;

float Axyz[3];
float Gxyz[3];
float Mxyz[3];


#define sample_num_mdate  5000      

volatile float mx_sample[3];
volatile float my_sample[3];
volatile float mz_sample[3];

static float mx_centre = 0;
static float my_centre = 0;
static float mz_centre = 0;

volatile int mx_max =0;
volatile int my_max =0;
volatile int mz_max =0;

volatile int mx_min =0;
volatile int my_min =0;
volatile int mz_min =0;


void setup() {
  // join I2C bus (I2Cdev library doesn't do this automatically)
  Wire.begin();

  // initialize serial communication
  // (38400 chosen because it works as well at 8MHz as it does at 16MHz, but
  // it's really up to you depending on your project)
  Serial.begin(38400);

  // initialize device
  Serial.println("Initializing I2C devices...");
  accelgyro.initialize();

  // verify connection
	Serial.println("Testing device connections...");
	Serial.println(accelgyro.testConnection() ? "MPU9250 connection successful" : "MPU9250 connection failed");
	
	delay(1000);
	Serial.println("     ");
 
	//Mxyz_init_calibrated ();
  
}

void loop() 
{   
	
	getAccel_Data();
	getGyro_Data();
	getCompassDate_calibrated(); // compass data has been calibrated here 
	getHeading();				//before we use this function we should run 'getCompassDate_calibrated()' frist, so that we can get calibrated data ,then we can get correct angle .					
	getTiltHeading();           
	
	Serial.println("calibration parameter: ");
	Serial.print(mx_centre);
	Serial.print("         ");
	Serial.print(my_centre);
	Serial.print("         ");
	Serial.println(mz_centre);
	Serial.println("     ");
	
	
	Serial.println("Acceleration(g) of X,Y,Z:");
	Serial.print(Axyz[0]); 
	Serial.print(",");
	Serial.print(Axyz[1]); 
	Serial.print(",");
	Serial.println(Axyz[2]); 
	Serial.println("Gyro(degress/s) of X,Y,Z:");
	Serial.print(Gxyz[0]); 
	Serial.print(",");
	Serial.print(Gxyz[1]); 
	Serial.print(",");
	Serial.println(Gxyz[2]); 
	Serial.println("Compass Value of X,Y,Z:");
	Serial.print(Mxyz[0]); 
	Serial.print(",");
	Serial.print(Mxyz[1]); 
	Serial.print(",");
	Serial.println(Mxyz[2]);
	Serial.println("The clockwise angle between the magnetic north and X-Axis:");
	Serial.print(heading);
	Serial.println(" ");
	Serial.println("The clockwise angle between the magnetic north and the projection of the positive X-Axis in the horizontal plane:");
	Serial.println(tiltheading);
	Serial.println("   ");
	Serial.println("   ");
    Serial.println("   ");



	delay(300);




	
}


void getHeading(void)
{
  heading=180*atan2(Mxyz[1],Mxyz[0])/PI;
  if(heading <0) heading +=360;
}

void getTiltHeading(void)
{
  float pitch = asin(-Axyz[0]);
  float roll = asin(Axyz[1]/cos(pitch));

  float xh = Mxyz[0] * cos(pitch) + Mxyz[2] * sin(pitch);
  float yh = Mxyz[0] * sin(roll) * sin(pitch) + Mxyz[1] * cos(roll) - Mxyz[2] * sin(roll) * cos(pitch);
  float zh = -Mxyz[0] * cos(roll) * sin(pitch) + Mxyz[1] * sin(roll) + Mxyz[2] * cos(roll) * cos(pitch);
  tiltheading = 180 * atan2(yh, xh)/PI;
  if(yh<0)    tiltheading +=360;
}



void Mxyz_init_calibrated ()
{
	
	Serial.println(F("Before using 9DOF,we need to calibrate the compass frist,It will takes about 2 minutes."));
	Serial.print("  ");
	Serial.println(F("During  calibratting ,you should rotate and turn the 9DOF all the time within 2 minutes."));
	Serial.print("  ");
	Serial.println(F("If you are ready ,please sent a command data 'ready' to start sample and calibrate."));
	while(!Serial.find("ready"));	
	Serial.println("  ");
	Serial.println("ready");
	Serial.println("Sample starting......");
	Serial.println("waiting ......");
	
	get_calibration_Data ();
	
	Serial.println("     ");
	Serial.println("compass calibration parameter ");
	Serial.print(mx_centre);
	Serial.print("     ");
	Serial.print(my_centre);
	Serial.print("     ");
	Serial.println(mz_centre);
	Serial.println("    ");
}


void get_calibration_Data ()
{
		for (int i=0; i<sample_num_mdate;i++)
			{
			get_one_sample_date_mxyz();
			/*
			Serial.print(mx_sample[2]);
			Serial.print(" ");
			Serial.print(my_sample[2]);                            //you can see the sample data here .
			Serial.print(" ");
			Serial.println(mz_sample[2]);
			*/


			
			if (mx_sample[2]>=mx_sample[1])mx_sample[1] = mx_sample[2];			
			if (my_sample[2]>=my_sample[1])my_sample[1] = my_sample[2]; //find max value			
			if (mz_sample[2]>=mz_sample[1])mz_sample[1] = mz_sample[2];		
			
			if (mx_sample[2]<=mx_sample[0])mx_sample[0] = mx_sample[2];
			if (my_sample[2]<=my_sample[0])my_sample[0] = my_sample[2];//find min value
			if (mz_sample[2]<=mz_sample[0])mz_sample[0] = mz_sample[2];
						
			}
			
			mx_max = mx_sample[1];
			my_max = my_sample[1];
			mz_max = mz_sample[1];			
					
			mx_min = mx_sample[0];
			my_min = my_sample[0];
			mz_min = mz_sample[0];
	

	
			mx_centre = (mx_max + mx_min)/2;
			my_centre = (my_max + my_min)/2;
			mz_centre = (mz_max + mz_min)/2;	
	
}






void get_one_sample_date_mxyz()
{		
		getCompass_Data();
		mx_sample[2] = Mxyz[0];
		my_sample[2] = Mxyz[1];
		mz_sample[2] = Mxyz[2];
}	


void getAccel_Data(void)
{
  accelgyro.getMotion9(&ax, &ay, &az, &gx, &gy, &gz, &mx, &my, &mz);
  Axyz[0] = (double) ax / 16384;//16384  LSB/g
  Axyz[1] = (double) ay / 16384;
  Axyz[2] = (double) az / 16384; 
}

void getGyro_Data(void)
{
  accelgyro.getMotion9(&ax, &ay, &az, &gx, &gy, &gz, &mx, &my, &mz);
  Gxyz[0] = (double) gx * 250 / 32768;
  Gxyz[1] = (double) gy * 250 / 32768;
  Gxyz[2] = (double) gz * 250 / 32768;
}

void getCompass_Data(void)
{
	I2C_M.writeByte(MPU9150_RA_MAG_ADDRESS, 0x0A, 0x01); //enable the magnetometer
	delay(10);
	I2C_M.readBytes(MPU9150_RA_MAG_ADDRESS, MPU9150_RA_MAG_XOUT_L, 6, buffer_m);
	
    mx = ((int16_t)(buffer_m[1]) << 8) | buffer_m[0] ;
	my = ((int16_t)(buffer_m[3]) << 8) | buffer_m[2] ;
	mz = ((int16_t)(buffer_m[5]) << 8) | buffer_m[4] ;	
	
	//Mxyz[0] = (double) mx * 1200 / 4096;
	//Mxyz[1] = (double) my * 1200 / 4096;
	//Mxyz[2] = (double) mz * 1200 / 4096;
	Mxyz[0] = (double) mx * 4800 / 8192;
	Mxyz[1] = (double) my * 4800 / 8192;
	Mxyz[2] = (double) mz * 4800 / 8192;
}

void getCompassDate_calibrated ()
{
	getCompass_Data();
	Mxyz[0] = Mxyz[0] - mx_centre;
	Mxyz[1] = Mxyz[1] - my_centre;
	Mxyz[2] = Mxyz[2] - mz_centre;	
}
  • 程序效果

将程序下载后,将九轴姿态检测传感器水平静止放置,打开串口监视器,波特率调整为38400,等待显示“Initializing I2C devices... Testing device connections... MPU9250 connection successful”后晃动传感器,观察数据变化。

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